In buildings, to achieve a truly successful holistic project, these design objectives must be considered in concert and in balance with each other:
– Accessible: Pertains to building elements, heights and clearances implemented to address the specific needs of disabled people.
– Aesthetics: Pertains to the physical appearance and image of building elements and spaces as well as the integrated design process.
– Cost-Effective: Pertains to selecting building elements on the basis of life-cycle costs (weighing options during concepts, design development, and value engineering) as well as basic cost estimating and budget control.
– Functional/Operational: Pertains to functional programming—spatial needs and requirements, system performance as well as durability and efficient maintenance of building elements.
– Historic Preservation: Pertains to specific actions within a historic district or affecting a historic building whereby building elements and strategies are classifiable into one of the four approaches: preservation, rehabilitation, restoration, or reconstruction.
– Productive: Pertains to occupants’ well- being—physical and psychological comfort—including building elements such as air distribution, lighting, workspaces, systems, and technology.
– Secure/Safe: Pertains to the physical protection of occupants and assets from man-made and natural hazards.
– Sustainable: Pertains to environmental